Sergei Kostevitch, Executive Director of Perenio IoT
The Internet of things from the futurological concept, according to which all things are connected to a common network that operates without human intervention, is already a reality. Need to see what is happening at your place while you are on vacation? – No problem! Play with your pet, being a thousand kilometers away? It is also possible.
Internet of Things (abbreviator – IoT) is a global network of physical devices connected to the Internet, equipped with sensors, and information transfer gadgets. Devices are connected via control, management, and data processing center
Today we can say that the number of connected devices exceeds the population of the Earth several times and continues to increase, and the relationship between them is becoming more complicated.
The widespread penetration of IoT technologies in various fields makes human life easier, more efficient, and more diverse. The Internet of things brings together different devices in such a way that as a result of synergies in work, the combined benefits of them are growing. So, we get a situation where one device equals 2 or 3 or even more. For example, a clock and a coffee-maker are useful in order, but if you connect them together, the drink will turn on during the alarm, and you will wake up from the smell of fresh coffee and will not spend precious morning minutes going to turn on the coffee maker.
What does it take to work in practice? Ecosystem is needed for any IoT project. It includes “Smart Things” (various devices equipped with sensors), Internet-network for access and transmission of information, platforms for managing this network, devices, and applications. The absence of at least one of these components means that the system will not work. Let’s go back to the example with coffee: this means that you can’t just buy a “smart” watch and a coffee maker, you need them to be networked and controlled by a common application.
Internet-connected devices give people more freedom, and opportunities for rational resource management. Already today they help optimally consume electricity, water, and heat, which means saving on utility bills.
Globally, it saves natural resources that are rapidly depleted. Another important aspect is the introduction of IoT technologies, which opens up opportunities not only in the field of Smart Home but also allows us to solve global problems in the future: thanks to crop monitoring and competent logistics using the Internet of things, humanity is able to overcome the food crisis.
Just imagine automated farms with perfect lighting, irrigation, and fertilizer, from where the products immediately go to retail chains – and to our table. This is not science fiction, but the potential that engineers in different countries of the world are really working on.